1916 – Pancho Villa leads 1,500 Mexican raiders in an attack against Columbus, New Mexico, killing 17.
1933 – Great Depression: The U.S. Congress begins its first 100 days of enacting New Deal legislation. President Franklin D. Roosevelt submits the Emergency Banking Act to Congress.
1943 – Bobby Fischer, American chess player is born
1943 – Charles Gibson, American television journalist is born
1945 – World War II: Bombing of Tokyo – American B-29 bombers attack Tokyo, Japan with incendiary bombs. The resulting fire storm kills over 100,000 people.
1954 – McCarthyism: CBS television broadcasts the See It Now episode, “A Report on Senator Joseph McCarthy,” produced by Edward R. Murrow.
1957 – Aleutian Islands register a 9.1 magnitude earthquake.
1959 – The Barbie doll debuts.
1964 – The first Ford Mustang rolls off the assembly line at Ford Motor Company.
1964 – Juliette Binoche, French actress is born.
1965 – Brian Bosworth, American football player is born.
1965 – Benito Santiago, Puerto Rican baseball player is born.
1971 – Emmanuel Lewis (Webster), American actor is born.
1973 – Aaron F-ing Boone, American baseball player is born.
1975 – Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.
1975 – MKinMotion is born.
1986 – United States Navy divers find the largely intact but heavily-damaged crew compartment of the Space Shuttle Challenger. The bodies of all seven astronauts were still inside.
1987 – Rock band U2 release the album The Joshua Tree.
1987 – Bow Wow, rapper and actor is born.
1996 – George Burns dies at age 100.
1997 – Notorious B.I.G. is killed.
2005 – Dan Rather presents his final broadcast of the CBS Evening News.
2005 – MKinMotion turns 30.
Happy Feast Day of St. Frances of Rome!
Happy Baron Bliss Day!
Happy National No Smoking Day!